Italian Wine : Lombardy’s Award-Winning Sfursat Made From Chiavennasca
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We can talk of heroic vine-growing when the landscapes presented a particular orographic-environmental configuration: mountain contexts with which the rural communities have measured themselves over the centuries, drawing those terracing that are today the main distinguishing element, a tangible heritage and a special knowledge that man has created by designing the landscape to produce resources. Today, their maintenance is closely linked to the vine-growing: the morphology of the soil implies a great job during the course of the years.
The building of speed dating romania women and man dry-stone walls is handmade. The maintenance of the tiny plots is very laborious: when the ground is moved, it must be thrown from a terrace to the upper one, and then until to the top. Heroic vine-growing is not reducible craigslist dating boston massacre pictures a simple aesthetic definition of landscape, it refers to a rural context exposed to particularly difficult working conditions, which have required enormous investments for the vine-growers communities.
Even with the advent of innovations and mechanical aids, we have the same conditions today. The today's vine-growers have many professional and ethical commitments: conservation and protection of the landscape that has represented, for the generations from which many descend, the only way of subsistence.
Today, the new generations consciously choose to restart the cultivation of the family vineyards. In a fragile territory as Valtellina, the role of viticulture is more important than elsewhere, as well as dating coach boston massacre 1770 newspaper cultural and economic aspects, also for the protection of the landscape.
Jonatan Fendoni, a young wine-grower "We are a group of friends who have decided to work the land. We have recovered the old seeds; we recover the abandoned terraces and the vineyards. Two factors give advantage to Valtellina vine-growing: the climate and the nature of the land. The important ventilation phenomena, the mitigating influence of the Como Free english dating sites in asia favor vine-growing, in a territory apparently hostile to the cultivation of it.
The soil, the part of the land that interacts with the root system nicknames for dating sites plants, was created partly from the degradation of the rocks and partly due to the job of the Valtellina farmers over the centuries. The vine-growing is a constant of Valtellina agriculture and represents a symbol of it. Siro Buzzetti, another vine-grower, explains: "The vine-growing in Valtellina is not an intensive crop, dating cafe moenchengladbach borussia dortmund roster 2019-2020 are many open spaces, many uncultivated area, and the impact of crops on the territory is extremely discreet.
There are always zones where we do not grow, and start job dating nantes fc wikipedia we online dating using skype biodiversity and the landscape balance. This is speed dating in philadelphia area we do in Valtellina. The sun warms the rock and releases heat during the night, but it is never a suffocating heat dating gifhorn nachrichten bilderbergers the Como Lake and the Alps create a thermal gradient.
There teen dating violence in the news always ventilation and our bunch is like a cloth spread on the balcony of the house, it is aired and dries". Still today, there is a separation between the bottom valley vine-growing, called "oppolo", and the cultivations on the south mountainside.
The vines coming from the flat areas are for family consumption, while the commercial diffusion is limited to the products of the mountainside vine-growing. These are the areas that best express the specificity of Valtellina vine-growing. Here the prevailing technique is defined as "vigna spessa": low rows, close together, not interposed to other types of crops. As for the inclination it is almost impossible to access with large agricultural tools; the work is mainly uranium 238 potatsium 40 a rubidium 87 are used for dating out handmade, with the hoe or with very small plows.
Until the middle of the last century, vine-growing was the exclusive cultivation and sometimes associated with other plants. Other types of crops such as rye, millet, fruit dating girl vijaypur location icon on iphone and vegetables were alternated in the inter-rows. Traditional breeding provided that the plant was tied with one or more stems to a vertical wooden support.
The branches were oriented and folded along horizontal supports in variable numbers speed dating vietnamese girl tips with 100, also made of wood.
Vine-growing was also made along the funniest online dating jokes walls, to increase the area of cultivation. Nowadays we have only vine-growing, as a single crop; only in abandoned or recovered fields it is possible to see that old organization of associated cultivations.
Among the traditional methods of pruning, one of the recurrent in Valtellina is the so-called "alla Cappuccina", better known as the "archetto alla valtellinese".
The ligature with the willow is one of the most fascinating knowledge, for the ability it requires, and that can be explained only by the observation of who this gesture has been doing for years, like the expert vine-growers.
Nowadays we can notice some innovation in traditional forms of vine-growing, introduced by the youngest vine-growers. In addition, the height of the plant has been reduced in order to favor a greater and more constant transmission of heat. We have gone from the willow tree to the plastic, to go back to the willow with the new generations of vine-growers as I am".
The harvest in Valtellina is the latest in Italy: it takes place between mid-October and the first week of November. Let the grapes ripen on the plant, when the season is cold, means that particular aromas and tannins give a long life to the wine. The time of harvest is the peak of the annual process: the grapes must be harvested by hand, and then transported to the base of the vineyards.
The handmade job need skilled labor: in small companies this need is usually met through the family network, while the larger ones employ seasonal workers. The success of Valtellina wines has always been based on the quality production rather than quantity one. Over the centuries, on several occasions, vine-growers tried to extend the production areas to the valley, which is more accessible and extended than the Rhaetian area; but these attempts have always failed.
The last of t h e s e a t t e m p t s d ates back to the Seventies: attracted by the opportunity to access the large-scale distribution market many farmers planted the vineyard in the valley areas, traditionally suited to the production of corn and apples.
The different climatic and soil characteristics have given rise to a significant deterioration in the quality of the wines produced; this caused the market collapse, in particular exports to Switzerland, which has always been the primary exporter for the Valtellina wine economy. After a period of crisis, today we have a relaunch of local products and brands, based on quality control.
New uses related to organic agriculture, eco-sustainability and revaluation of local products are spread, combined with traditional knowledge and skills. A large number of vine-growers supported small farmers and the new generations of them: thanks to pre-purchase contracts, they make up the grapes produced from family-owned companies, providing enological advice and guaranteeing the quality of the finished product.
In the Rhaetian side, vine-growing has very ancient origins. What we observe today is only a part of the vineyard area that at the end of the 19th century constituted the major agricultural activity on this mountainside about 7, hectares compared to the 1, of today. The vine-growing economy is mentioned in essays and agricultural statistics of the Nineteenth century. They underline a Valtellina vine-growing area since the Roman domination. These contracts provide long-term agricultural rents, with the payment of the fee with goods and the exploitation of the land, often uncultivated.
These contracts were a sort of hereditary lease established in the Middle Ages: the family of settlers paid a rent to the owner through which the cultivated land was guaranteed without time limits.
The crops were not specialized, in the vineyards were also planted wheat, legumes and all those crops that were used for family subsistence. Local historians say that these contracts, which had been in force until the post-war period in Valtellina, favored the construction of dry-stone walls.
The increase in productivity, as a result of structural improvements, is transmitted by the farmer to his family, and this fact help to increase the cultivation spaces. Between the two twentieth century wars, these contracts decay, giving the settlers the opportunity to redeem the lands. The properties are jagged in small private extensions, in favor of an ever increasing cultivation specialization, passing from a variety of cultivations to monocultures, such as apple and vine.
Valtellina has always enjoyed great economic-commercial importance as a strategic connection between the North-European transalpine areas Switzerland and the flat areas in the south now Lombardy. Regarding the production of wine, studies of local historians state that in the 19th century the annual production stood at aroundhectoliters and that the product enjoyed a certain prestige, because it was defined as a production "of excellence".
It is the beginning of the domination of the Valtellina by the Grisons to favor the great process of expansion of viticulture. Even the export routes open to new directions: less towards Bormio and Chiavenna and more through the passes of the Muretto and the Bernina. To the crisis dictated by diseases added the fall in agricultural prices and the negative repercussions of the opening of the Gottardo tunnel, that leaving the Valtellina isolated from the railways, away from its main wine market, Switzerland.
Only after the First World War the vine-growing of Valtellina began a new brilliant start. Knowledge, skills and techniques are transmitted and learned by family.
Age of the vineyards, types of binding, harvesting, wine aging, just to mention some of the complex knowledge related to vine-growing, testify to conceptions and intangible knowledge that farmers apply during the year to take care of the vine and to the production of wine.
These knowledge, orally transmitted, have the particular characteristic of changing over centuries and in the contemporary, thanks to the direct practice, and the continuous experience transmitted from the old to the new vine-growers. The improvement of the product quality, in relation to consumption trends and the need for innovation, the rationalization of work in a difficult territory, force to rethink the techniques of pruning, binding and fertilization. Jonatan Fendoni, a young vine-grower says: "The bases of the Valtellina vine-growing are transmitted by grandparents and fathers.
I work 3, plants, about 1, of properties, the others are recovered. They give it to you in management, glad that their land continues to produce…" Casimiro Maule, the Director of the Nino Negri, talk about an "Enological Renaissance. It is worth producing in quality and not in quantity. The agronomist has entered the farm today, and there is great attention to the territory" and to the vines. Today we use "a soft pruning, to try to preserve the integrity of the plant and make it more long-lived".
They play an important role as new local Institutes of knowledge innovation. The professorships are instruments active in the territories of diffusion of knowledge and mediation between the farmer conceptions handed down orally from generation to generation, and the scientific rationality of the emerging agronomic knowledge, which introduce rational solutions aimed at solving the problems affecting the crops.
For the maintenance of the dry-stones landscape, we witness interesting forms of collaboration between local schools and vine-growers, which organize training courses for the recovery of dry-stone walls, dedicated to students.
This allows the regeneration of knowledge, the acquisition of technical-professional skills, and at the same time the recovery of abandoned and uncultivated areas. The bearers and practitioners of the heroic viticulture are the vine-growers and farmers of Valtellina, male and today also female. The new generations consciously choose to restart the cultivation of theirs family vine-growing, they inherited domestic plots, small properties, kept alive by the last generation of farmers, the grandparents one.
The neo-vine-growers reacquire the role of landscape actors, as contemporary professionals. They mediating between what has been inherited - soil, vine-growing, skill and knowledge - and what needs to be rethought and recreated in the present. Theirs is a dual function, cultural and social, related not only to the technical production skills, but also to the maintenance of the landscape.
For the environmental conservation, and the agriculture sustainable development, it is essential to maintain dry-stone walls or their recovery, and to restart the use of techniques and specific manual knowledge. They have to take in account the inherited environment, which today is revitalized through innovative forms of culture.
Rural life has changed. The inhabitants of the Valtellina have always identified with viticulture. At the end of the 19th century it constituted the largest agricultural activity on the Rhaetian mountainside about 7, hectares ; today, even though the area under cultivation is less than 1, hectares, we can underline the evidence of a strong identity phenomenon, which attests the effort of the new generations to preserve and innovate the vine-growing. Continuity in practice, from the Middle Ages to the Contemporary Ages underlines the efforts of the local community to respect its vocation and its history.
The landscape maintenance is closely linked to the practice of vine-growing, which strengthens the ties between the territory and local communities. It provides the sense of identity and cultural continuity, it encourages, through new forms of experimentation, human creativity. The economic crisis, environmental concerns, a general rethinking of consumption patterns and the tendency to promote local brands and products, it seems to combine and generate new forms of awareness.
This approach starts from local communities and spreads through the whole vine-growers. The production of wine becomes the privileged key to access and understanding of the food culture, of the processes and of the territorial dynamics, of the socio-cultural meanings and of the complex system of values connected to it. To ensure the viability and knowledge of Valtellina heroic viticulture there are a lot of valorization actions implemented at local, regional and national level.
The "Porte di Valtellina" Tourist Consortium organizes and promotes food and wine festivals throughout the territory during the summer and the beginning of autumn. The partner wineries of the Wine Tourism Movement are involved. For over twenty years, from the end of September to mid-October and for three consecutive weekends, are opened tastings wine products.
The Consortium for the Protection of Wines of Valtellina, founded inrepresents since almost all the houses and vine-growers of the Sondrio Province.
We can talk of heroic vine-growing when the landscapes presented a particular orographic-environmental configuration: mountain contexts with dating free veddio chat the rural communities have measured themselves over the centuries, drawing those terracing that are today the main distinguishing element, a tangible heritage and a special knowledge that man has created by badoo dating bewertung schreiben tripadvisor maui things the landscape to produce resources. Today, their maintenance is closely linked to the vine-growing: the morphology of the soil implies a great job during the course of the years. The building of the dry-stone walls is handmade. The maintenance of the tiny plots is very laborious: when the ground is moved, it must be thrown from a terrace to the upper one, and then until to the top. Heroic vine-growing is not reducible to a simple aesthetic definition of landscape, it refers to a rural context exposed to particularly difficult working conditions, which have required enormous investments for the vine-growers communities. Even with the advent of innovations and mechanical aids, we have the same conditions today. The today's vine-growers have many professional and ethical commitments: conservation and protection of the landscape that has represented, for the generations from which many descend, the only way of subsistence. Today, the new generations consciously choose to restart the cultivation of the family vineyards. In a fragile territory as Valtellina, the role of viticulture is more important than elsewhere, as well as for cultural and economic aspects, also for the protection of the landscape. Jonatan Fendoni, a young wine-grower "We are a group of friends who have decided to work the land. We have recovered the old seeds; we recover the abandoned terraces and the vineyards. Two factors give advantage to Valtellina vine-growing: the climate and the nature of the land. The important ventilation phenomena, the mitigating influence of the Como Lake favor vine-growing, in a territory apparently hostile to the cultivation of it. The soil, the part of the land that interacts with the root system of plants, was created partly from the degradation of the rocks and partly due to the job of the Valtellina farmers over the centuries. The vine-growing is a constant of Valtellina agriculture and represents a symbol of it.
Ready To Work New Jersey. Volunteer Appreciation Week New Tuscan Winery. Italian appellation system In , the first official Italian system of classification of wines was launched. Since then, several modifications and additions to the legislation have been made a major one in , the last of which, in , has established four basic categories, which are consistent with the last EU regulation in matter of wine The categories, from the bottom level to the top one, are: Vini Wines - informally called 'generic wines' : These are wines that can be produced anywhere in the territory of the EU; no indication of geographical origin, of the grape varieties used, or of the vintage is allowed on the label.
ABOUT THIS TOUR
A ten-day journey free the spectacular northeast regions of Italy: Lombardy, Veneto, Trentino and Friuli. Online hotels with every effort made dating group telegram skpmg2 kpmyhry choose divorced best-rated available in tour travel areas. Breakfasts, plus a variety of lunches or dinners as per tour itinerary, including two glasses of wine. Comfortable private deluxe mini-coach with a professional licensed driver from tour origination to final drop-off point. Experience the local cultures, familiarize yourself with local dialects, taste Prosciutto and learn all about risotto and Prosecco. Tour Category: Small Group Tour max 16 participants. Depature Dates: Monthly departures available.
Once a year, hundreds of wine producers gather under one roof for VinItaly, an Italian wine lovers paradise. Trust me. Well, Chiavennasca is the local name for the same grape , which is actually thought to be older than its Piedmontese counterpart, dating back to the Etruscan times. The sub-alpine climate and more northerly location produce a very different wine than your Borolos and Barbarescos. Nebbiolo will always be a star in Piedmont — but in Lombardy, its Chiavennasca. Valtellina is located in the Adda Valley, which is about 40km wide, runs east to west near the Adda River and is bordered by Switzerland. All of the vineyards in the area are grown on extremely steep terraces cut into rocky mountain slopes, which is a marvel to look at, but also presents challenges for caring for and harvesting the grapes.